Designing a lawn in such a chic way that you can place garden furniture there gives a need to build a paver patio or paver courtyard. There is a wild call for all the landowners to have a paver patio in their lawn to give it a novel and domineering look. They have a popularity on the rise and they have great leads over the outdated and old patios. There are different styles the patios can be developed into. It depends on the choice and taste of the landowner which style he prefers the most.
Paver patios are built from small paving stones. They are joined together manually on the garden bed.
Why not build a patio in concrete?
Landowners do not think concrete to be fit as paving stones are more hard-wearing and last longer. On the other hand concrete does not have that ability. Paving stone can withstand more pressure per square inch than concrete. So it is an ideal deal. They are stronger than concrete and can bear more weight than concrete.
The Absolute Construction of a Paver Patio
Why fancy a paver patio?
The puzzle paver patio is most in common and is considered to be the best one amongst all the others. The patio is imitative of a concrete one. It has the texture and design that looks like that of a concrete one. But why to have a preference for a paver patio over concrete one?
The durability of a patio depends upon its design and construction. The expansion of concrete forces it to crack whereas the slits of the paving stone makes it easy for it to expand on heat. Thus it is many times stronger than concrete.
The slits let the ground beneath breathe. Secondly these gashes act as drainage channels to the excessive water from rain and storms. The water seeps down to the ground where it nourishes the soil. Such a process is not possible with concrete patios. On the other hand the concrete patio acts as a pond to drain water which gathers the mites and germs. It needs to be drained out into the sewerage without benefitting the soil underneath.
It is very simple to maintain a paver patio especially in case of repairs and up keeps. As paver patios have single and discrete units, it is easy to replace them rather than replacing the entire concrete patio. Hence, it is not a thing to be panicked when a paver is broken. One can easily be taken out and replaced.
Due to the type of surface it has, it is quite easy to clean it in a very simple way. So its maintenance is quite guileless.
Guide on how to install paver patio.
Given is the guide on how to install a paver patio of any type in your lawn. It is a 10 steps process from planning to control.
- Planning and Design
- Estimating number of paving stones needed
- Base Material
- Restraints for the corners and nooks
- Pavers fitting
- Filling of the Joints
- Closing up
01. Planning and Design
The first step is to decide the part of the lawn chosen to be a patio. Along with this, the design of the patio is also to be decided by the landowner. Mapping the patio is the best step to be taken. Mark the designed outline to determine the measurement of the patio. Sketch out the plan to be on a slope. Using a pipe or some wood to form the outline of the designed paved area.
Popular Layout design ideas for pavers patio:
Divide the patio into diagonals. One or more pavers can be placed at an angle that creates a diagonal line from one side to another. These lines go in different directions and create interest in your garden space. Use contrasting colors for this type of design, such as dark grey with a light grey concrete paver or blue pavers with a red brick patio.
A linear pattern is a design that runs in one direction, creating lines across your yard. This type of layout might work well if you have an oddly shaped space and need to create long straight paths for walking through your garden area. Another option would be to add multiple straight-line designs with different colors.
Use geometric shapes to create your patio design. Square, diamond, and rectangular pavers are available in standard sizes for this type of layout. The pattern can be created by using the same color or varying tones within each shape. For example, dark brown surrounded on two sides with light brown will give a different look than light brown surrounded on two sides with dark.
Create a focal point in your yard by dividing the patio into smaller spaces and using pavers of a contrasting color or material for each space. This gives you more design flexibility because you can place accent pieces where they will have the most impact while keeping your patio in a cohesive pattern with the rest of your yard.
02. Estimating the number of Pavers Needed
The area to be paved is measured length and width wise to take out the square foot area. Measure a bit extra on all sides to give a margin to cut and fit into spaces. The number of the paving stones to be fixed in that area are then determined according to the measurement.
03. Excavation and digging
An ideal patio bed is always on the slope downwards away from the house or ranch. It is always and built at a certain height. The slope should be increased downward by 1 inch after every 4 to 5 feet.
Establish the height that the pavers should reach and not exceed. Remember: the slab should slope downwards away from the house, to allow water drainage. Every 4 feet, you should slope down one inch. Place poles or sticks and also mark them along the slope decline. Consider the height you need plus the depth of the sand bed needed. Summing both up will tell you how much to dig. Level the bed with a compacting machine and mark borders with poles or sticks.
04. Base Material
After the digging, the process of laying base material starts. It can be crushed stone base material which is ideal for compaction. The crushed gravel that has a little moisture in it, makes compacting much easier. The base material should be laid to a thickness suitable for the planned use. Lay the gravel on the bed and level it Spread the crushed gravel over the area in an even layer
05. Edge Restraints
Edging is the process of setting corners and nooks of the patio. The maintenance of the patio depends on how you did the edging. If edge limits are not fixed, the pavers will move and separate. Extreme weather conditions and frequent traffic will destroy the lay out of the patio if its edging is not done as per mark.
06. Sand bedding
Sand bedding is a good base to hold the paving stones tighter. It is resistant to eroding. A layer od=f sand is to be spread all over the bed and should be leveled with a compactor. To make a uniform layer PVC pipes are to be used which are to be removed later.
07. Pavers fitting
Lay the pavers according to the plan mapped in the first step. They are to be closely laid. Cut and resize the [avers that are not fitted fully. Use a mechanical compactor to fix pavers in the sand bed.
08. Sand filling the Joints
Here the scattering and laying of the sand will be done after the fixing of paving stone. This thinly ground sand will be an edge. Clean it with a blower. Fill in the gaps again.
09. Closing up
Sweep the area clean to remove the trash or debris. Use the sand binding sealant to seal the area. Sealing the joints will not allow any weeds or pests to be born. .
Keeping the paver patio is now just a piece of the cake. To maintain the looks and quality re-seal the area and joints regularly. If the sand filling and sweeping the joints is done habitually, it will not only add life to the patio but also the charms to it.
James, the D.I.Y Expert, graduated with a Bachelor’s degree in Horticulture from Colorado State University. Love writing blog posts and guides to help others learn how to garden!